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"Boy Crisis" or "Girl Risk"? The Gender Difference in Nonsuicidal Self-Injurious Behavior Among Middle-School Students in China and its Relationship to Gender Role Conflict and Violent Experiences SSCI PubMed Scopus
期刊论文 | 2018 , 12 (5) , 1275-1285 | AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MENS HEALTH
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Abstract :

Purpose: We attempted to test if there were gender differences in nonsuicidal self-injurious (NSSI) behaviors among Chinese middle-school students, and analyze the impact of gender role conflict and violent experiences on these behaviors among middle-school students of different genders. Method: Based on the survey data from seven middle schools in Xi'an region of China, the gender difference in NSSI behaviors and its associated factors were analyzed in this study. Results: There was no significant gender difference in NSSI behaviors among middle-school students; however, female middle-school students were more likely to experience gender role conflicts while male students were more likely to experience all kinds of violence earlier. Gender role conflicts and violent experiences can explain the prevalence of NSSI behaviors by gender, to some extent. Conclusions: The hypothesis on gender patterns of boy crisis or girl risk on NSSI prevalence was not verified; however, a girl risk for gender role conflicts and a boy crisis in violent experiences were found. The gender role conflicts were significantly associated with NSSI prevalence among middle-school students to some extent; however, this relationship was adjusted by variables of violent experiences. The different variables of violent experiences were the important predictors of NSSI prevalence among male and female middle-school students with specific contents varying across genders.

Keyword :

boy crisis or girl risk violent experiences gender role conflict Chinese middle-school students NSSI prevalence

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GB/T 7714 Yang, Xueyan , Xin, Moye . "Boy Crisis" or "Girl Risk"? The Gender Difference in Nonsuicidal Self-Injurious Behavior Among Middle-School Students in China and its Relationship to Gender Role Conflict and Violent Experiences [J]. | AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MENS HEALTH , 2018 , 12 (5) : 1275-1285 .
MLA Yang, Xueyan 等. ""Boy Crisis" or "Girl Risk"? The Gender Difference in Nonsuicidal Self-Injurious Behavior Among Middle-School Students in China and its Relationship to Gender Role Conflict and Violent Experiences" . | AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MENS HEALTH 12 . 5 (2018) : 1275-1285 .
APA Yang, Xueyan , Xin, Moye . "Boy Crisis" or "Girl Risk"? The Gender Difference in Nonsuicidal Self-Injurious Behavior Among Middle-School Students in China and its Relationship to Gender Role Conflict and Violent Experiences . | AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MENS HEALTH , 2018 , 12 (5) , 1275-1285 .
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On the Relationship Between the Marriage Squeeze and the Quality of Life of Rural Men in China SSCI PubMed Scopus
期刊论文 | 2017 , 11 (3) , 702-710 | AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MENS HEALTH | IF: 2.306
WoS CC Cited Count: 2 SCOPUS Cited Count: 2
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Abstract :

China is facing a male marriage squeeze, as there are more men in the marriage market than potential female partners. As a consequence, some men may fail to ever marry. However, while some studies have suggested that most unmarried men affected by the marriage squeeze in rural China feel a sense of failure, the quality of life of the men who remain unmarried against their will remains largely unexplored. Using data collected in rural Hanbin district of Ankang City (Shaanxi, China), this study analyzes the relationship between the marriage squeeze and the quality of life among rural men. Descriptive analyses indicate that the quality of life of unmarried men aged 28 years and older tends to be worse than for both younger unmarried men and married men. Also, the quality of life of men who perceive the marriage squeeze appears to be worse than that of those who do not. Regression analyses reveal that the perceived marriage squeeze and age independently have a significant negative relationship with the quality of life of rural men.

Keyword :

marriage squeeze gender imbalance rural men quality of life

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GB/T 7714 Yang, Xueyan , Li, Shuzhuo , Attane, Isabelle et al. On the Relationship Between the Marriage Squeeze and the Quality of Life of Rural Men in China [J]. | AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MENS HEALTH , 2017 , 11 (3) : 702-710 .
MLA Yang, Xueyan et al. "On the Relationship Between the Marriage Squeeze and the Quality of Life of Rural Men in China" . | AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MENS HEALTH 11 . 3 (2017) : 702-710 .
APA Yang, Xueyan , Li, Shuzhuo , Attane, Isabelle , Feldman, Marcus W. . On the Relationship Between the Marriage Squeeze and the Quality of Life of Rural Men in China . | AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MENS HEALTH , 2017 , 11 (3) , 702-710 .
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A reversed gender pattern? A meta-analysis of gender differences in the prevalence of non-suicidal self-injurious behaviour among Chinese adolescents SSCI SCIE PubMed Scopus
期刊论文 | 2017 , 18 | BMC PUBLIC HEALTH | IF: 2.42
WoS CC Cited Count: 1 SCOPUS Cited Count: 1
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Abstract :

Background: A reversed gender pattern has been observed in the suicide rate in China compared to elsewhere. Like suicidal behaviour, non-suicidal self-injurious (NSSI) behaviour is a health-risk behaviour. We examined whether a reversed gender pattern existed in the prevalence of NSSI. Methods: Online literature databases were searched for English and Chinese articles on NSSI behaviours among the Chinese. A meta-analysis with a random-effects model and a subgroup analysis were used to estimate the odds ratios of gender differences in NSSI prevalence among Chinese adolescents including college students, middle school students, and clinical samples, as well as rural, urban, and Hong Kong middle school students. Results: There was a male bias in NSSI prevalence among college students (OR = 1.56, 95% CI = [1.30, 1.87], p < 0.001), and a female bias among middle school students (OR = 0.83, 95% CI = [0.73, 0.94], p < 0.01), but there was no gender difference among clinical samples (OR = 0.88, 95% CI = [0.41, 1.89], p > 0.1). The NSSI prevalence among middle school students had a female bias in the rural (OR = 0.58, 95% CI = [0.47, 0.72], p < 0.001) and Hong Kong areas (OR = 0.91, 95% CI = [0.86, 0.96], p < 0.001), with the gender difference in NSSI prevalence in the Hong Kong areas being greater than in rural areas. No gender difference in NSSI prevalence was found in urban areas (OR = 1.01, 95% CI = [0.84, 1.22], p > 0.1) among middle school students. Conclusions: Our analysis indicated the existence of specific gender and age patterns in NSSI prevalence among Chinese adolescents. The sample type, age, and the areas that have different gender norms and culture could partly explain this pattern.

Keyword :

Middle school students Reversed gender pattern College students Clinical samples NSSI prevalence Chinese adolescents

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GB/T 7714 Yang, Xueyan , Feldman, Marcus W. . A reversed gender pattern? A meta-analysis of gender differences in the prevalence of non-suicidal self-injurious behaviour among Chinese adolescents [J]. | BMC PUBLIC HEALTH , 2017 , 18 .
MLA Yang, Xueyan et al. "A reversed gender pattern? A meta-analysis of gender differences in the prevalence of non-suicidal self-injurious behaviour among Chinese adolescents" . | BMC PUBLIC HEALTH 18 (2017) .
APA Yang, Xueyan , Feldman, Marcus W. . A reversed gender pattern? A meta-analysis of gender differences in the prevalence of non-suicidal self-injurious behaviour among Chinese adolescents . | BMC PUBLIC HEALTH , 2017 , 18 .
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Boy Crisis? Sex Differences in Self-Injurious Behaviors and the Effects of Gender Role Conflicts Among College Students in China SSCI Scopus
期刊论文 | 2016 , 10 (6) , E1-E10 | AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MENS HEALTH | IF: 2.141
WoS CC Cited Count: 2
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In Western research, self-injurious behaviors are commonly viewed as "feminine" behavior. In this present study, using the data from a survey administered to 960 first-and second-year students in Xi'an Jiaotong University in China, the self-injurious behaviors among college students are analyzed by sex. The results reported that the average prevalence of self-injurious behaviors among male students is 35.2%, higher than the 20.4% observed among female students (p<.1), and the average frequency of severe self-injurious behaviors among male students is 0.4, higher than the 0.18 reported among female students (p<.05). Gender role conflicts and verbal violence are strongly associated with male students' self-injurious behaviors, whereas gender role conflicts and verbal, visual, and sexual violence are strongly associated with female students' self-injurious behaviors. This suggests that self-injurious behaviors among college students in China constitute, to some extent, a boy crisis that can be well explained by gender role conflicts. In addition, verbal violence leads to self-injurious behaviors among both male and female students, whereas visual and sexual violence lead to self-injurious behaviors only among female students.

Keyword :

self-injurious behaviors violent experiences boy crisis gender role conflicts

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GB/T 7714 Chao, Qiuling , Yang, Xueyan , Luo, Cheng . Boy Crisis? Sex Differences in Self-Injurious Behaviors and the Effects of Gender Role Conflicts Among College Students in China [J]. | AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MENS HEALTH , 2016 , 10 (6) : E1-E10 .
MLA Chao, Qiuling et al. "Boy Crisis? Sex Differences in Self-Injurious Behaviors and the Effects of Gender Role Conflicts Among College Students in China" . | AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MENS HEALTH 10 . 6 (2016) : E1-E10 .
APA Chao, Qiuling , Yang, Xueyan , Luo, Cheng . Boy Crisis? Sex Differences in Self-Injurious Behaviors and the Effects of Gender Role Conflicts Among College Students in China . | AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MENS HEALTH , 2016 , 10 (6) , E1-E10 .
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Boy Crisis? Sex Differences in Self-Injurious Behaviors and the Effects of Gender Role Conflicts Among College Students in China. PubMed
期刊论文 | 2016 , 10 (6) , NP1-NP10 | American journal of men's health
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Abstract :

In Western research, self-injurious behaviors are commonly viewed as "feminine" behavior. In this present study, using the data from a survey administered to 960 first- and second-year students in Xi'an Jiaotong University in China, the self-injurious behaviors among college students are analyzed by sex. The results reported that the average prevalence of self-injurious behaviors among male students is 35.2%, higher than the 20.4% observed among female students (p < .1), and the average frequency of severe self-injurious behaviors among male students is 0.4, higher than the 0.18 reported among female students (p < .05). Gender role conflicts and verbal violence are strongly associated with male students' self-injurious behaviors, whereas gender role conflicts and verbal, visual, and sexual violence are strongly associated with female students' self-injurious behaviors. This suggests that self-injurious behaviors among college students in China constitute, to some extent, a boy crisis that can be well explained by gender role conflicts. In addition, verbal violence leads to self-injurious behaviors among both male and female students, whereas visual and sexual violence lead to self-injurious behaviors only among female students.

Keyword :

self-injurious behaviors violent experiences boy crisis gender role conflicts

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GB/T 7714 Chao Qiuling , Yang Xueyan , Luo Cheng . Boy Crisis? Sex Differences in Self-Injurious Behaviors and the Effects of Gender Role Conflicts Among College Students in China. [J]. | American journal of men's health , 2016 , 10 (6) : NP1-NP10 .
MLA Chao Qiuling et al. "Boy Crisis? Sex Differences in Self-Injurious Behaviors and the Effects of Gender Role Conflicts Among College Students in China." . | American journal of men's health 10 . 6 (2016) : NP1-NP10 .
APA Chao Qiuling , Yang Xueyan , Luo Cheng . Boy Crisis? Sex Differences in Self-Injurious Behaviors and the Effects of Gender Role Conflicts Among College Students in China. . | American journal of men's health , 2016 , 10 (6) , NP1-NP10 .
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Commercial sex behaviours among involuntary male bachelors: findings from a survey of migrants in Xi'an, China SSCI SCIE PubMed Scopus
期刊论文 | 2015 , 37 (2) , 305-312 | JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH | IF: 2.019
WoS CC Cited Count: 3 SCOPUS Cited Count: 3
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Abstract :

The highly male-biased sex ratio at birth has produced a severe male 'marriage squeeze' in China. However, with an imbalanced sex ratio, the marriage-squeezed or involuntary bachelors can meet their sexual needs only through ways other than marriage. To investigate the commercial sex behaviours of involuntary bachelors, we conducted a survey on reproductive health and family living among male migrant bachelors in Xi'an City, the capital of Shaanxi Province, from December 2009 to January 2010. The prevalence of commercial sex use was 37.2% among unmarried men, 30.1% among married but separated men and 17.2% among married and cohabitating men (chi(2) = 31.33; P = 0.000; df = 2). Marital status, knowledge about acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), age and income were associated with the prevalence and frequency of commercial sex behaviours. Condom use was less frequent among involuntary bachelors and was significantly associated with knowledge about AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases, the frequency of commercial sex behaviours, marital status and age. The higher prevalence of commercial sex behaviours and the lower frequency of condom use indicate a higher risk of disease from commercial sex among involuntary bachelors, implicating both individual and public health.

Keyword :

marriage squeeze involuntary bachelors sex imbalance migration commercial sex behaviours

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GB/T 7714 Yang, Xueyan , Li, Shuzhuo , Attane, Isabelle et al. Commercial sex behaviours among involuntary male bachelors: findings from a survey of migrants in Xi'an, China [J]. | JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH , 2015 , 37 (2) : 305-312 .
MLA Yang, Xueyan et al. "Commercial sex behaviours among involuntary male bachelors: findings from a survey of migrants in Xi'an, China" . | JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH 37 . 2 (2015) : 305-312 .
APA Yang, Xueyan , Li, Shuzhuo , Attane, Isabelle , Feldman, Marcus W. . Commercial sex behaviours among involuntary male bachelors: findings from a survey of migrants in Xi'an, China . | JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH , 2015 , 37 (2) , 305-312 .
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Commercial Sex and Condom Use Among Involuntary Bachelors: An Exploratory Survey in Rural China SSCI PubMed Scopus
期刊论文 | 2014 , 8 (3) , 205-216 | AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MENS HEALTH | IF: 1.234
WoS CC Cited Count: 4
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Abstract :

In the present context of the Chinese male marriage squeeze, commercial sex is becoming an important way for bachelors to meet their sexual needs. Using data from a survey conducted in a rural district of Anhui province, China, this study analyzes commercial sex experiences and condom use among involuntary bachelors and compares usage in this population to that observed in married men in the same age groups. Our findings indicate that, for both first and most recent sexual intercourse, the prevalence of commercial sex among unmarried men is significantly higher than that reported among married men; indeed, marital status was the only variable that was consistently related to rates of commercial sex for both first and most recent sexual intercourse. The vast majority of sexual intercourse was still unprotected, and the rate of condom use was not only lower among unmarried men than among married men, but was also significantly related to knowledge of sexually transmitted diseases, as well as age, education, and income. Because of their lower condom use, unmarried men face much higher risks of contracting and spreading sexually transmitted diseases than married men do. This situation poses a severe threat to public health.

Keyword :

commercial sex male marriage squeeze condom use sex imbalance

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GB/T 7714 Yang, Xueyan , Attane, Isabelle , Li, Shuzhuo . Commercial Sex and Condom Use Among Involuntary Bachelors: An Exploratory Survey in Rural China [J]. | AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MENS HEALTH , 2014 , 8 (3) : 205-216 .
MLA Yang, Xueyan et al. "Commercial Sex and Condom Use Among Involuntary Bachelors: An Exploratory Survey in Rural China" . | AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MENS HEALTH 8 . 3 (2014) : 205-216 .
APA Yang, Xueyan , Attane, Isabelle , Li, Shuzhuo . Commercial Sex and Condom Use Among Involuntary Bachelors: An Exploratory Survey in Rural China . | AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MENS HEALTH , 2014 , 8 (3) , 205-216 .
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Development and Validation of a Gender Ideology Scale for Family Planning Services in Rural China SSCI SCIE PubMed Scopus
期刊论文 | 2013 , 8 (4) | PLOS ONE | IF: 3.534
SCOPUS Cited Count: 3
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The objectives of this study are to develop a scale of gender role ideology appropriate for assessing Quality of Care in family planning services for rural China. Literature review, focus-group discussions and in-depth interviews with service providers and clients from two counties in eastern and western China, as well as experts' assessments, were used to develop a scale for family planning services. Psychometric methodologies were applied to samples of 601 service clients and 541 service providers from a survey in a district in central China to validate its internal consistency, reliability, and construct validity with realistic and strategic dimensions. This scale is found to be reliable and valid, and has prospects for application both academically and practically in the field.

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GB/T 7714 Yang, Xueyan , Li, Shuzhuo , Feldman, Marcus W. . Development and Validation of a Gender Ideology Scale for Family Planning Services in Rural China [J]. | PLOS ONE , 2013 , 8 (4) .
MLA Yang, Xueyan et al. "Development and Validation of a Gender Ideology Scale for Family Planning Services in Rural China" . | PLOS ONE 8 . 4 (2013) .
APA Yang, Xueyan , Li, Shuzhuo , Feldman, Marcus W. . Development and Validation of a Gender Ideology Scale for Family Planning Services in Rural China . | PLOS ONE , 2013 , 8 (4) .
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On Same-Sex Sexual Behaviors Among Male Bachelors in Rural China: Evidence From a Female Shortage Context SSCI PubMed Scopus
期刊论文 | 2012 , 6 (2) , 108-119 | AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MENS HEALTH | IF: 0.897
WoS CC Cited Count: 6
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Using data from a survey conducted in the rural areas of Anhui Province, this study adopted the crosstabs and logistic regression model to analyze the same-sex sexual behaviors of forced male bachelors and the determinants when compared with married men with same ages. The prevalence of same-sex sexual behaviors among the unmarried men was reported as 17.2%, significantly higher than 8.9% among married men with same ages, indicating that same-sex sexual behaviors could be as a compensation for the absence of female sexual partners to some extent for those marriage squeezed or forced male bachelors. Among all groups, the occurrence of unprotected sexual behaviors were reported above 60%, regardless of marital status and the genders of sexual partners; the scores obtained on knowledge of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) among bachelors (AIDS knowledge = 2.85; STDs knowledge = 2.38) are much poorer than those of married men (AIDS knowledge = 3.45; STDs knowledge = 2.79), which might exert potential negative impacts on men's health.

Keyword :

men's health unprotected sex forced male bachelors same-sex sexual behaviors sexual orientation

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GB/T 7714 Yang, Xueyan , Attane, Isabelle , Li, Shuzhuo et al. On Same-Sex Sexual Behaviors Among Male Bachelors in Rural China: Evidence From a Female Shortage Context [J]. | AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MENS HEALTH , 2012 , 6 (2) : 108-119 .
MLA Yang, Xueyan et al. "On Same-Sex Sexual Behaviors Among Male Bachelors in Rural China: Evidence From a Female Shortage Context" . | AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MENS HEALTH 6 . 2 (2012) : 108-119 .
APA Yang, Xueyan , Attane, Isabelle , Li, Shuzhuo , Zhang, Qunlin . On Same-Sex Sexual Behaviors Among Male Bachelors in Rural China: Evidence From a Female Shortage Context . | AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MENS HEALTH , 2012 , 6 (2) , 108-119 .
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Same-Sex Sexual Behaviors Among Male Migrants in a Context of Male "Marriage Squeeze": Results From an Exploratory Survey in Urban Xi'an, China SSCI PubMed Scopus
期刊论文 | 2012 , 6 (6) , 485-496 | AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MENS HEALTH | IF: 0.897
WoS CC Cited Count: 6 SCOPUS Cited Count: 5
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Abstract :

The male marriage squeeze in China may increase the prevalence of male same-sex sexual behaviors among unmarried male migrants who lack stable female sexual partners. The same-sex sexual behaviors among unmarried male migrants appear to be at high risk of transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), mainly because of a lack of knowledge of these diseases. Using data from the "Survey on Reproductive Health and Family Life of Migrant Male Bachelors in Urban Areas" conducted in Xi'an City, Shaanxi Province, in December 2009 and January 2010, this study compares same-sex sexual behaviors of unmarried with that of married male migrants (including married but separated men who are migrating without their spouse or partner and cohabitating men who are migrating with their spouse or partner). It is reported that the prevalence of same-sex sexual behaviors among unmarried males reaches 11%, more than twice the 5.1% reported by married but separated men and thrice the 3.8% reported by cohabitating men. It also appears that the same-sex sexual behaviors is significantly associated with men's attitudes toward same-sex sexual behaviors (odds ratio = 1.59, p < .001), toward life-long bachelorhood (odds ratio = 1.35, p < .01), and with marital status (odds ratio = 0.37, p < .01). The frequency of condom use appears to be higher among unmarried men than among men who are married, whether or not they migrated with their wives, and is significantly associated with scores on knowledge about HIV/AIDS (estimated coefficient = .12, p < .001) and STIs (estimated coefficient = .22, p < .01). It is also associated with the likelihood of same-sex sexual behaviors (estimated coefficients = .83, p < .01) and marital status (estimated coefficients for married but separated = -.50, p < .05; estimated coefficients for cohabitating = -.77, p < .001).

Keyword :

urban China sex imbalance same-sex sexual behaviors rural-urban migrants "marriage-squeezed" male bachelors

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GB/T 7714 Yang, Xueyan , Attane, Isabelle , Li, Shuzhuo et al. Same-Sex Sexual Behaviors Among Male Migrants in a Context of Male "Marriage Squeeze": Results From an Exploratory Survey in Urban Xi'an, China [J]. | AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MENS HEALTH , 2012 , 6 (6) : 485-496 .
MLA Yang, Xueyan et al. "Same-Sex Sexual Behaviors Among Male Migrants in a Context of Male "Marriage Squeeze": Results From an Exploratory Survey in Urban Xi'an, China" . | AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MENS HEALTH 6 . 6 (2012) : 485-496 .
APA Yang, Xueyan , Attane, Isabelle , Li, Shuzhuo , Yang, Bo . Same-Sex Sexual Behaviors Among Male Migrants in a Context of Male "Marriage Squeeze": Results From an Exploratory Survey in Urban Xi'an, China . | AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MENS HEALTH , 2012 , 6 (6) , 485-496 .
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